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Systematic Review Service: About Systematic Reviews

What is a Systematic Review?

Chambers, Thane, Dagmara Chojeki. "Systematic Reviews 101". Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 31 May 2011. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.

Why it is important to use Systematic Reviews?

Lipsey, Mark. "About Systematic Reviews: Why, what & how". Online video clip. YouTube. Campbell Collaboration, 8 Sep. 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.

Evidence-based living

"Evidence-Based Systematic Reviews: As close to certainty as it gets". PowerPoint Presentation. Evidence-Based Living. evidencebasedliving.human.cornell.edu, 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 22 Jan. 2013.

Systematic Review Stages

Core principles and methods for conducting a systematic

review of health interventions

                                                  

Search for existing reviews to ensure a new review is justified

                                                  

Establish the review team

                                                  

Form an advisory group

                                                  

Draft the review protocol

Set out the methods to be used in the review, including:

Background Review question and inclusion criteria, Defining inclusion criteria, Identifying research evidence, Study selection, Data extraction, Quality assessment, Data synthesis and  Dissemination

                                                  

Approval of the draft protocol

                                                  

Undertake the review

                                                  

Identifying research evidence for systematic reviews, including: Minimizing publication and language biases, Selecting electronic databases and other sources,  Constructing the search strategy for electronic databases, Text mining, Updating literature searches, Current awareness, Managing references, Obtaining documents and Documenting the search

                                                  

Study selection

                                                  

Data extraction, including:

 design, content, software, process and piloting

                                                  

Quality assessment, including:

 assessing risk of bias, and appropriateness of study design

                                                  

Data synthesis, including:

Deciding on appropriate synthesis (quantitative/narrative) and initial descriptive synthesis

                                                  

Report writing, including peer review and feedback

                                                  

Archiving the review

                                                  

Disseminating the findings

 

Adapted from:

Systematic reviews: CRD’s guidance for undertaking reviews in health care. Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York, 2008