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How to Cite

Learn about how to use different citation styles and the bibliographic management tools that can help you manage them. Covers APA, Vancouver, Mendeley, Zotero, EndNote, Refworks, and more.

How to pick a style

Consider the following when choosing what citation style to use:

  • The preferred style used by your faculty member, ask what they would like to see in your assignments.
  • The style used by the journal or conference you are submitting your work to.
  • The discipline you are writing for. Social sciences tend to use APA (American Psychological Association), while many medical professionals use NLM (National Library of Medicine), a modified version of the Vancouver system.
  • Be consistent, pick a style and stick to it throughout your paper.

Style guides

MLA (Modern Language Association)

APA (American Psychological Association)

Biomedical Styles